Autism Updates


This website is all about the oxides of sulfur, in particular the sulfate content of drinking water as it affects autism. Across the United States, the sulfate concentration of tap water has a median value of 24 mg/l although it varies widely. Preliminary data suggests that states with high rates of autism average only 13 mg/l of sulfate in their water. Whereas, states with the lowest rates of autism average more than 113. For many people, bottled water has become just as important as tap water. Unfortunately, most bottled water is just distilled tap water with the sulfate reduced to nothing. This suggests that drinking such bottled water may increase the risk of autism.

Using data from water quality reports, Bottled Water Web, Gerolsteiner and my own testing using a Hanna photometer, the following information on bottled water was collected. It is supplemented by data from the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis in a report titled "The Sulfate Content of Food and Beverages" by Timothy Florin from the University of Queensland in Australia. The information is summarized in 4 tables covering bottled water, beverages and foods.

Low Sulfate Water: the first table lists domestic and international bottled water with sulfate levels less than 24 mg/l. Replacing tap water with these bottled waters would most likely reduce your overall level of protective sulfate and elevate your risk for autism.

Low Sulfate Water ( under 24 mg/l )
Domestic

International
Abita Springs
Adobe Springs Alaska Chill

Ague S. Innes Alba Water Alkalife
Alhambra
American Falls
Angel Fire

Antipodes
Aqua d'Or
Aquatique
Aqua Hydrate
Aquafina
Aquamantra

Asahi Sprng
Avra
Ballygowan
Aquarius Natural
Archer Farms
Arrowhead

Bisleri
Black Forest
Borjomi
Atlanta Bread
Avita
Baccara

Bru Eau
Capi
Carley Spring
Belmont Springs
Black Mount
Bristol Farms

Celtic Prestige
Cristaline
Damavand
Calistoga Still
Castle Rock
Catskill

Evian
Ferrarelle
Figi Water
Cobb Mountain
Crystal Clear
Crystal Geyser

Fuenta Umbria
Gota Water
Highland
Crystal Lake
Crystal Rock
Crystal Springs

Himalayan
Ice Age Prem
Icelandic
Cumberland
Cumby's
CVS Gold

Lauretana
Luso
Magnesia
Dasani
Deep Rock
Deer Park

Montforte
Naya Canada
Olympos
Deja Blue
Deluge
Diamond

Pedras
Princes Gate
Ramlosa
Eldorado
Essentia
Famous Prem

S. Bernardo
S. Benedetto
San Clemente
Famous Roman
Fountainhead
Gerber Grad

San Mateo
Selters Spring
Sole
Give Love
Glacier Lakes
Great Value

Spa Reine
Stanceni
Swiss Mount
Green Bottle
Hawaiian
Hildon Wasser

Tasmanian Rain
Tipperary
Ty Nant
Hillcrest
Hinkley
Ice Mountain

Valser Silence
Vera Water
Vilkos
Keeper Springs
Kirkland Sig
Kroger

Virga Tasmanian
Volvic
Voss Spark
La Croix
Laure Pristine
Life Water

Aquadraat
Windsor
Yanabea
Loon County
Mt. Olympus
Mount Valley




Nature's Pride
Pure Life
NY Seltzer




Niagra
Nicolet
Noah's Spring




Odwalla
Ozarka Spring
Palomar




Panther Creek
Penta
Poland Spring




Primo
Pure American
Quibell Spring




Safeway Fresh
Sam's Choice
Saratoga Spr.




Smart Water
Snow Line
Snow Valley




Sparketts
Trinity
Vermont Pure




Vassa Pure
Walgreens
Wegmans




Winn Dixie
Wissahickon
World Market




Xtra Mart
Zephyrills






High Sulfate Water: the second table lists mineral water with sulfate concentrations greater than 24 mg/l. According to the Brimstone Theory, such water should be beneficial and offer a shield against autism. The autism book highlights Pellegrino as an example of high sulfate mineral water rated at 459 mg/l and available in many stores across the USA.

High Sulfate Water ( over 24 mg/l )
Name
Country Sulfate

Name Country Sulfate
Callistoga Mineral
USA
83 mg/l

Acqua Panna
Italy
29 mg/l
Callistoga Sparkling
USA
110

Adello Classic
Switzerland
1270
Colfax
USA
1900

Alpquell Prickelnd
Austria
562
Crazy Water #2
USA
170

Alwa Classic
Germany
1107
Crazy Water #3
USA
434

Apollinaris
Germany
100
Crazy Water #4
USA
1170

Aqua Indonesia
Indonesia
40
Eventide Natural
USA
40

Aqua Romer Classic
Germany
1382
Famous Deep Well
USA
168

Aqua Sacra
Italy
53
Giant Springs
USA
148

Astoria Prickelnd
Austria
461
Manitou Mineral
USA
120

Badoit
France
35
Ozardar
USA
1667

Blenheim
UK
48
Pagosa Springs
USA
1400

Brouwerij Roman
Belgium
155
Parley's Canyon
USA
68

Chaudfontaine
Belgium
40
Pure Montana
USA
148

Contrex Mineral
France
430
Seven Creeks
USA
40

Elmer
Switzerland
120
Sparkling Mineral
USA
83

Eptinger
Switzerland
1445
Starkey Spring
USA
140

Fonte DeMedici
Italy
26




Gasteiner Mineral
Austria
36




Gerolstenier Mineral
Germany
38
Perrier
France
46

Hepar Mineral
France
1530
Pure Swiss
Switzerland
201

Iskilde
Denmark
35
Radenska Classic
Slovenia
72

Juvina Mineral
Austria
102
San Pellegrino
Italy
459

Korunni Mineral
Czech Rep
57
Saint Amand
France
372

Kristalyviz
Hungary
201
St-Yorre
France
174

Malavella
Spain
47
Uberkinger Classic
Germany
1113

Mattoni
Czech Rep
42
Valser Classic
Switzerland
941

Montes Mineral
Austria
349
Vellamo Mineral
Finland
47

Morshynska
Ukraine
100
Vichy Catalan
Spain
50

Narzan Mineral
Russia
400
Villers Monopole
Belgium
48

Oro Luxury
Macedonia
150
Vittel
France
306

Penafiel
Mexico
130

Sulfate in Beverages: according to the Florin report, the following beverages have relatively high levels of sulfate. But to put them into proper context, typical serving sizes must be considered. Tap and bottled water is generally consumed in amounts approaching 2 liters per day. So, a single 8 ounce glass of any beverage may make only a moderate difference in total sulfate. As an example, let's calculate the sulfate in 2 liters of typical tap water: 2 liters x 24 mg/l = 48 mg. If we substitute a glass of milk (at 100 mg/l) for a glass of water, the total changes from 48 to 67 mg of sulfate. This represents a small gain but not much when compared to the 510 mg deficit calculated for those with autism.

Sulfate Content of Beverages ( Florin )
Beverage
Con (mg/l)
Serving Size
Serve (liters)
Sulfate (mg)
alcohol (gin, whisky)
10 mg/l
1.5 ounces
0.05 liter
1 mg total
beer (bitter)
260
12 ounces
0.36 94
beer (lager)
130
12 ounces
0.36 47
beer (stout)
40
12 ounces
0.36 14
cider
270
6 ounces
0.18
49
coffee (water is extra)
100
8 ounces
0.24
24
juice (apple, citrus)
70
6 ounces
0.18
13
juice (grape)
200
6 ounces
0.18
36
juice (tomato)
250
6 ounces
0.18
45
milk
100
8 ounces
0.24
24
soft drink (cola)
80
12 ounces
0.36
29
soft drink (non cola)
40
12 ounces
0.36
14
soy milk
100
8 ounces
0.24
24
tea (water is extra)
100
6 ounces
0.18
18
wine (red)
380
5 ounces
0.15
57
wine (white)
300
5 ounces
0.15
45
mineral water (Pellegrino)
459
1 liter
1.00
459

Sulfate in Food: a similar table is shown for sufate in food. The units of concentration are mg/g or milligrams of sulfate per gram of food. Again, to put things into perspective, the serving size must be considered. And the resulting sulfate compared to the 510 mg autistic shortfall we are trying to correct. This is why a liter of mineral water like Pellegrino can be important, adding 459 mg sulfate to any diet regardless of its varied composition. It seems more practical than suggesting 6 servings of broccoli every day.

Sulfate Content of Typical Foods (Florin)
Bread and Flour
Con (mg/g)
Serving Size
Serve (grams)
Sulfate (mg)
bread (white)
1.3 mg/g
1 slice
28 grams
36 mg
bread (wheat)
1.5
1 slice
36 54
bread (rye)
0.8
1 slice
28 22
cereal (bran)
0.3
1/2 cup
30
9
cereal (corn flakes)
0.3
1/2 cup
30
9
cereal (oats)
0.1
1/2 cup
30
3
flour (soy)
200
1/4 cup
32
39
flour (whole wheat)
250
1/4 cup
32
7
flour (white wheat)
100
1/4 cup
32
8
flour (barley, oat)
80
1/4 cup
32
4
corn meal
40
1/2 cup
60
12
pasta (durum)
100
2 oz
56
17
rice (cooked in water)
100
1 cup
190
11

Nuts and Seeds
Con (mg/g)
Serving Size
Serve (grams)
Sulfate (mg)
almonds
0.9 mg/g
1 oz
28 grams
25 mg
brazil nuts
0.3
1 oz
28 8
hazelnuts
0.9
1 oz
28 25
peanuts
0.7
1 oz
28
20
sunflower seeds
0.6
1 oz
28
17
walnuts
0.1
1 oz
28
3

Vegetables
Con (mg/g)
Serving Size
Serve (grams)
Sulfate (mg)
avocado
0.52 mg/g
1/2 avocado
80 grams
42 mg
beans
0.11
1/2 cup
120 13
broccoli
0.90
1 cup
90 81
cabbage
0.80
1 cup
90
72
carrot
0.12
1/4 cup
60
7
eggplant
0.08
1/2 cup
80
6
lettuce
0.17
1 cup
60
10
mushroom
0.09
1/4 cup
60
5
onion
0.04
1/4 cup
60
2
peas
0.21
2/3 cup
90
19
potato
0.31
1 potato
120
37
spinach
0.18 1/2 cup
90 16
tomato
0.16
1/2 tomato
80
13

Fruit
Con (mg/g)
Serving Size
Serve (grams)
Sulfate (mg)
apple
0.03 mg/g
1 apple
140 grams
4 mg
apricot
0.06
1/2 cup
120 7
banana
0.07
1 banana
130 9
dry fruit (dates)
1.10
6 dates
40
44
dry fruit (prunes)
1.20
5 prunes
40
48
dry fruit (raisins)
1.30
1/4 cup
40
52
grapes
0.19
1/2 cup
120
23
kiwi fruit
0.21
1/2 cup
120
25
mango
0.04
1/2 cup
120
5
orange
0.04
1/2 cup
120
5
pear
0.05
1/2 cup
120
6
strawberries
0.06 1/2 cup
120 7

Meat & Fish (no enzymes)
Con (mg/g)
Serving Size
Serve (grams)
Sulfate (mg)
bacon
0.15 mg/g
2 slices
15 grams
2 mg
corned beef
0.24
2 oz
56 13
frankfurter
0.21
1 link
56 12
ham
0.13
2 oz
56
7
liver
0.16
2 oz
56
9
meat, beef
0.15
4 oz
112
17
meat, chicken
0.15
4 oz
112
17





crab
0.81
2 oz
56
45
fish, salt water
0.13
4 oz
112
15
prawns
0.28
2 oz
56
16
shellfish
0.71 2 oz
56 40

Miscellaneous
Con (mg/g)
Serving Size
Serve (grams)
Sulfate (mg)
cheese
0.13 mg/g
1 oz
28 grams
4 mg
chocolate
0.24
1/2 oz
14 3
chips, potato
0.51
2 oz
56 29
egg, raw
0.12
1 egg
50
6
ice cream
0.21
1/2 cup
66
14
yoghurt
0.19
3/4 cup oz
160
30


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